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This presentation outlines future research on the faunal assemblages from four sites from the Vanimo coast region of Papua New Guinea. Previous analyses of archaeological faunal assemblages from New Guinea sites have largely focused on the potential overlap of megafauna and humans in the Pleistocene, or have aimed to identify and date the initial introduction of pig (Sus scrofa). Studies that provide in-depth examinations of whole faunal assemblages are few, and none have been conducted for lowland coastal sites in mainland Papua New Guinea. The current research will address this gap by providing a quantitative and qualitative analysis of full assemblages from the lowland coastal sites of Watinglo, Lachitu, Taora and Paleflatu. Data collected will be used to investigate the environments and the subsistence strategies utilised at each site, and whether these differ spatially or temporally. Through examining hitherto unreported bone points from the sites, the analysis will also report on the toolsets and associated technological strategies utilised at the sites and whether regional variations based on availability of different animal resources can be observed.