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This chapter investigates how bonding social capital contributes to the post-disaster response and recovery process of the Cyclone Aila affected households in Channirchak Village of Kamarkhola Union of Dacope Upazila and Dakshin Bedkashi Village of Dakshin Bedkashi Union of Koyra Upazila, Khulna District, Bangladesh. The findings of the chapter show that bonding social capital plays a significant role in evacuation and search and rescue. The findings present that bonding social capital contributes significantly to the survival of a majority of the affected households during the response period and to the survival of some of the affected households beyond the response period. However, it does not contribute to the survival of many households at any stage. Moreover, it does not play a significant role in the economic and housing recovery process of the affected households, while it plays an immensely important role in the psychological recovery processes of the members of the affected households. The findings also suggest that relatives outside the affected areas usually provide more material and monetary aid compared to the affected relatives. The findings also demonstrate that the affected households receive non-material and non-monetary aid and support such as emotional support and labour power from relatives throughout the recovery process and that their networks with relatives do not become weak or less active and do not break down. The findings further demonstrate that bonding social capital does not contribute to survival and more substantial economic and housing recovery of the affected households mainly because most of the affected households had bonding relations with poor relatives. The recovery challenges of the affected relatives also limited the capacity of bonding social capital to contribute to the survival and the economic and housing recovery of the affected households. Based on the findings, this chapter concludes that external assistance through linking social networks such as government agencies and national and international NGOs is necessary for survival and the economic and housing recovery of the affected households.